Type 2 diabetes: Different symptoms and complications

on May 08, 2021

There are many people all over the world who are affected by Type 2 diabetes and it is a serious problem too. Diabetes is a disorder that harms the body’s ability to process blood glucose or blood sugar. Without ongoing, cautious management, it can lead to a buildup of sugars in the blood that upsurge the risk of dangerous complications, such as stroke and heart disease. So, in this post, you will find all the relevant details regarding type 2 diabetes, its symptoms, and complications.


# An overview of type 2 diabetes:


Type-2 diabetes is an enduring medical disorder. It affects the method of a body of processing blood sugar or glucose. In this type of diabetes, the absorption of glucose in the body cells decreases as these becomeunaffected to insulin. So, in the bloodstream it accumulate the glucose. Thus, people with type 2 diabetes do not make insulin correctly. In the cells, Insulin controls the movement of blood glucose, which is used as energy in the body.


Moreover, when sugar is unable to enter into the cells, it means there is a highly quantity of glucose is collected in the blood and it cannot be used for energy by the cells. After fasting for 8 hours,if the blood sugar level is 126 mg/dl (milligrams per deciliter) or more than it then a doctor may diagnose diabetes.


# Different Symptoms of type 2 diabetes


Many times, the symptoms of type 2 diabetes disorder are so slight that can’t be noticed easily. The symptoms tend to appear gradually in this type of diabetes. So, in the initial stage, it is difficult to notice the symptoms of type 2 diabetes.


Furthermore, the most common symptoms are mentioned below:


  1. Increased thirst and repeated urination: The body extracts fluid from tissues when spareamount of glucose builds up in the blood. This results in increased thirst or need to drink more water and urinate more as well.


  1. Increased hunger: In this disorder, the cells are incapable in accessing glucose for using as energy. So, the person may feel more hungry than normal because the muscles and organs are low on energy.


  1. Fatigue: When there is a lack of glucose in cells, then the body becomes tired. Also, tiredness can affect the daily life of a person when he has a problem with type 2 diabetes.


  1. Sudden weight loss: When there is too little insulin in the body, then for energy it might start burning fat as well as muscle. Finally, this results in sudden weight loss.


  1. Infections and sores: Another most common symptom of type 2 diabetes is that it takes more time to recover from infections and sores. This is so because blood circulation is reduced and there might be other nutritional deficits.


  1. Blurred vision: Type 2 diabetes may also lead to temporarily blurred vision. This is due to the reason that high blood glucose pull the fluidof the eyesaway from the lenses, which in many cases results in blurred vision.


  1. Tingling hands and feet: Type 2 diabetes can also affect nerves in both hands and feet.


  1. Red, swollen, and tender gums: People suffering from diabetes more likely to get infections in their gums and the bones. The gums might get infected or pull away from teeth as well as teeth may become loose.


# Symptoms in children


Generally, type 2 diabetes appear after the age of 45 years. But as an exception, it can affect kids too who have gained weight. Also, it depends on the family history of the children related todiabetes. The symptoms are given below:


  1. Dry mouth and extreme thirst
  2. Urinary tract infections and frequent urination
  3. Blurred vision
  4. Fatigue
  5. Weight loss
  6. Itchy skin
  7. Numbness in hands and feet


All the symptoms mentioned aboveare of type 1 diabetes.Besides, this diabetes is less common but more perhaps affects children as compared to the adults.


# Symptoms in older adults


People above the age of 65 are more likely to be affected by type 2 diabetes. Hence, some of the symptoms are as follows:


  1. Flu-like fatigue includes chronically weak and feeling lethargic as well.
  2. Numbness and tingling in arms, hands, feet because of circulation and nerve damage.
  3. Infections in the urinary tract
  4. Dental problems may include inflamed gums and infections in the mouth.


# Complications of Type 2 Diabetes


Diabetes might cause various health complications if people are failed to manage it in an efficient manner. Many of these complications are chronic, or long-term, but sometimes they can become life-threatening too. Therefore, some of the complications of type 2 diabetes are as follows:


Emergency complications:


    1. Hypoglycemia


If the blood glucose of a person dips below 70mg/dl, then this is Hypoglycemia or low blood sugar. This complication may happen if a diabetic person uses insulin more than they require. Furthermore, it is very important to detect the early signs of hypoglycemia, because it can progress quickly and in the early stages, it is easy to treat too. Thus, symptoms of Hypoglycemia generally include:


  1. Dizziness
  2. Confusion
  3. Feeling faint
  4. Heart palpitations
  5. Sweating
  6. Rapid heartbeat
  7. Mood changes


    1. Hyperglycemia and diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA)


Hyperglycemia occurs when blood sugar goes above 180 to 200 mg/dL.  In addition to this, without treatment, a person with hyperglycemia can develop DKA (diabetic ketoacidosis). This problem occurs when ketones assemble in the blood and makes it acidic. Hence, Ketoacidosis may lead to:


  1. A fruity smell on the breath
  2. Dry mouth
  3. Difficulty in breathing
  4. Nausea and vomiting


Thus, a person having with these symptoms must look forinstant medical help because many times it can be life-threatening.


# Final Words:


Apart from all the complications mentioned above in the post, people with type 2 diabetes may have other health problems as well. It may include nerve damage, high blood pressure, kidney diseases, and many others. Therefore, you must seek advice from the doctor as soon as you see the symptoms given above in the article. Besides, we hope that this article will benefit you in gaining knowledge about the symptoms and complications of type 2 diabetes.